Thursday, September 5, 2013

Veiling and Intermixing with NON-MAHRAMS.

(nobody says it better than the scholars of the Qur'an and Sunnah, may Allah have mercy on them all , and may we take heed to this beneficial advice that they offer. Ameen.)

Obligation of veiling
Shaykh Muhammad al-Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The hijab prescribed in Shari’ah means that a woman should cover everything that it is haram for her to show, i.e., she should cover that which it is obligatory for her to cover, first and foremost of which is the face, because it is the focus of temptation and desire.
A woman is obliged to cover her face in front of anyone who is not her mahram (blood relative to whom marriage is forbidden). From this we learn that the face is the most essential thing to be covered. There is evidence from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the views of the Sahabah and the imams and scholars of Islam, which indicates that women are obliged to cover all of their bodies in front of those who are not their mahrams.
[Fataawa al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah, 1/ 391, 392]
From the Fatwas of Shaykh Ibn Baz
(Part No. 5; Page No. 236)

More on the obligation of veiling....

Allaah says:
O Prophet (saw)! Tell your wives and your daughters and the believing women to cast their jilbaabs upon themselves (i.e. their bodies). Thats is better, that they should be known so as not to be bothered. And Allaah is Ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Al-Ahzaab: 59]
Ibn ‘Abbaas  said:
“Allaah has commanded the believing women, when they come out of their homes, due to a necessity, to cover their faces by placing their jalaabeeb over their heads, and only expose one eye.” [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/114
Muhammad Ibn Sireen (d.110?) said:
"I asked 'Ubaydah As-Salmaanee about Allaah's saying, '... to cast their jalaabeeb upon themselves...' so he veiled his face and head and only exposed his left eye." [Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 6/470]
Abu ‘Ubayd As-Salmaanee and others mentioned that:
“The believing women used to cast their jilbaabs from (over) the top of their heads downwards, to the point that nothing was visible except their eyes, for the purpose of seeing the road.” [Ibn katheer, 6/470]
Aboo Su’aad said:
“What is mean by the ayah is that they should cover their faces and bodies with it.”
Imaam As-Suddee said:
“She should cover one of her eyes, her forehead and the other (lower) portion of her face, except one eye.”
Shaykh Bin Baaz says:
“Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, as well as oter scholars held this view (of the obligation for women to cover their faces), and it is the truth in which there is no doubt.”
Aboo Bakr Al-Jassaas Al-Hanafee said:
“In this ayah is evidence that a young woman is commanded with (a) covering her face in front of male strangers, (b) remaining covered, and © refraining from going out (without it) so that the people will not place any doubt upon her.” [Ahkaamul Quraan, 3/371-372]
Jalaal Ud-Deen As-Suyootee said:
“This is the ayah of the hijaab applying to all women. There is proof in it that covering the head and the face is obligatory.” [Al-Ikleel, p.180]
‘Imaad Ud-Deen At-Tabaree said:
“So He commanded the women to veil their faces and cover their heads.” [Tafseer Ilkiyaa Al-Haras At-Tabaree, 4/135]
Jalaal Ud-Deen Al-Mahallee said:
“It means that they should let some of it fall over their faces, except for one eye, when they go out for their necessities.” [Qurratul-'Ainayn 'Alaa Tafseeril-Jalaalayn, p.560]
Ibn Al-Jawzee said concerning this ayah (ahzaab:59)(1):
“It means that they must cover their heads and faces so that they may be known as free women. The definition of a jilbaab is a loose outer garment, as has been stated by Ibn Qutaybah.” [Rawaa'i Al-Bayaan, 2/382]
Jamaal Ad-Deen Al-Qaasimee said:
“… By them wearing loose outer garments (ardiyah) and cloaks (malaahif) and by covering their heads and faces so that they can guard and protect their chastity and no one will look at them with desire.” [Mahaasin Al-Ta'weel, 13/4908-4909]
‘Alaamah Ash-Shinqeetee said:
“From the Quraanic evidences that indicate that a woman must wear hijaab and cover her entire body, even her face, is Allaah’s saying: “O prophet! tell your wives and your daughters and the believing women to cast their jilbaabs over themselves.” This is because several scholars have stated that a woman must veil her whole face and not reveal anything from it except for noe eye with which she can see. Among those who held this opinion were: Ibn Mas’ood, Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Ubaydah As-Salmaanee and others…
There is no disagreement amongst the Muslims on the fact that the Prophet’s wives were obligated to wear the hijaab and veil their faces…
Also, in Allaah’s saying: “tell your wives and your daughters” is a further proof that the understanding of the ayah is not that women expose their faces, since the Priphet’s wives veiled their faces, and there is no disagreement amongst the Muslims about this.” [Adwaa Al-Bayaan Fee Eedaah Al-Quraan Bil-Quraan, 6/586]
Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee said:
“Allaah commanded His Prophet (in it) to order (all) women generally. And He begins by mentioning his wives (first), then his daughters since they are firmer (in the religion) than others. Another reason (for this) is because his ordering someone must be preceded byhis first ordering his family members, as Allaah says: “O you who believe, save yourselves and your families from a Fire.” So, “To cast their jilbaabs over themselves” refers to the garments that go over the inner garments, such as a cloak, the khimaar, the loose outer garment, and so on. This means they must cover their faces and chests with them. Then Allaah mentions the wisdom for this, saying: “That will be better, that they should be known so as not to be bothered.” This indicates that a woman will always find harm and trouble if she doesn’t wear the hijaab.” [Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan, 6/122]
Intermixing of men and women

From `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz to whoever may receive it. May Allah guide us to do good and to avoid Bid`ah (innovation in the religion) and evil. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah's Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!).
It is my duty to alert people and warn them against the free intermixing of women and non-Mahram (not a spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative) in some places and villages. Some ignorant people see that it is all right, being the tradition of their fathers and grandfathers and that their intention is good. One may find a woman sitting with her brother-in-law, cousins, and relatives without a veil.
It is well-known that a Muslim woman should be veiled in the presence of Ajanib (men other than a husband or permanently unmarriageable male relatives). It is Wajib (obligatory) upon her to cover her face and body as indicated by the Qur'an, the Sunnah, and the Ijma` (consensus of scholars). Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says, And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron, etc.), and to draw their veils all over Juyûbihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) And, And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen: that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And, O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allâh is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Jilbab [translated above as 'cloak', and it means 'a loose outer garment with no front opening'] is a cloak worn over
(Part No. 5Page No. 237)
the veil, like an `Aba'ah (a loose outer garment). Um Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, "When this Ayah (Qur'anic verse) was revealed, the women of Al-Ansar (the Helpers, inhabitants of Madinah who supported the Prophet) came out as if they had crows on their heads out of calmness and they were covered with black clothes."
These noble Ayahs provide clear evidence that a woman should cover her head, hair, neck and breasts before non-Mahram relatives. It is Haram (prohibited) for her to uncover before non-Mahrams. It is reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered women to go out to the place of performing Salat-ul-`Eid (the Festival Prayer), one of them said, "O Messenger of Allah, what if she does not have a Jilbab?” He replied, “Then, let her sister lend her one of her Jilbabs.” (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim). This Hadith shows that the wives of the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) only went out while wearing a Jilbab. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not allow them to go out without wearing a Jilbab.
It is authentically reported in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim) on the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said, The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to offer the Fajr Prayer and some believing women, covered with their cloaks, used to attend the prayer. Then, they would return to their homes unrecognized by anyone because of the darkness." She also said, Had the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) seen women [how they go out] as we see (now), he would have prevented them from going to the Masjids (Mosques) as the Children of Israel prevented their women. This Hadith implies that covering was the practice of the female Sahabah who were the best and most honored generation in the Sight of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) for their high morals, good manners, perfect faith and upright deeds. They are an ideal example for others.
It is reported on the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said, Caravans would pass by us when we accompanied the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) while we were in the state of Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). When they came by us, one of us would let down her outer garment from her head over her face, and when they had passed on, we would uncover our faces." (Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah) The words “When they (i.e. caravans) came by us we would lower our outer garment from our heads over our faces” indicate that it is obligatory to cover the face, because what is prescribed in Ihram is to uncover it. If there was no strong reason to prevent uncovering it, it would be obligatory to leave it uncovered even when the caravans were passing by.
Thinking about unveiling as well as women showing their faces to Ajanib, it is evident that
(Part No. 5Page No. 238)
it involves many bad consequences, such as Fitnah (temptation) which occurs because of displaying their face and it is one of the greatest causes of evil and corruption, losing modesty and arousing men's lust. Thus, it is prohibited for a woman to uncover her face, bosom, arms, legs or any part of her body, in the presence of an Ajnaby. Likewise, it is forbidden for a woman to be alone with or to intermix freely with non-Mahrams. If a woman thinks that she is equal to men in uncovering her face and going around unveiled, she will not be modest and will not feel too shy to mix with men. This leads to a great deal of Fitnah and widespread corruption.
It is reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was coming out of the Masjid, he saw men intermixing freely with women in the street. He (peace be upon him) said (addressing women), "Draw back, for you must not walk in the middle of the road; keep to the sides of the road." Women were keeping so close to the wall that their garments were rubbing against it. This Hadith was mentioned by Ibn Kathir in his Tafsir (exegesis) of Allah's Saying, And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things)It is prohibited for a Muslim woman to uncover her face before a non-Mahram. She should rather cover it. It is also prohibited for her to be in privacy, intermix freely, and shake hands with non-Mahrams. In the following Ayah, Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) clarifies the group of people in front of whom she is permitted to reveal her adornment, ...and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islâm), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allâh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful
Brothers-in-law and cousins
(Part No. 5Page No. 239)
are not Mahrams. They should not look at the woman's face and it is not permissible for her to uncover her face in their presence to avoid causes of temptation. It is reported on the authority of `Uqbah ibn `Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, "Beware of entering upon women." Then, a man from Al-Ansar said, "O Messenger of Allah! What about Al-Hamu (the wife’s in-law, i.e. the brother of her husband or his nephew, etc.)?" The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied, "Al-Hamu is like death." (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim) The Hadith refers especially to the [male] in-laws for they can enter the house without any suspicion, because they are the husband's relatives even though they are non-Mahrams. Therefore, it is not permissible for a woman to reveal her adornment before them even if they are known for righteousness and trustworthiness. Allah (Exalted be He) has limited permissibility of showing adornment to a group of people mentioned in the previous Ayah. The husband's brother, uncle, cousin and the like are not mentioned in this group. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said in an agreed-upon Hadith reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim, No man should be alone with a woman except in the presence of her Mahram. A Mahram refers to a woman's husband or a male relative who is permanently unmarriageable to her, such as her father, son, brother, paternal uncle, maternal uncle and the like.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade this lest Satan should make them fall into temptation and corruption making the sin fair-seeming to them. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, No man should be in privacy with a woman, for the third of them is the devil. (Related by Imam Ahmad with a sound Sanad (chain of narrators) on the authority of `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him))
It is the duty of all those who live in countries where this practice is customary to strive and cooperate to get rid of this practice and eliminate its evil. By doing this, they will be guarding their honor, cooperating in righteousness and piety and carrying out the Commandments of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him). They should repent to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) of what they have committed in the past and do their best in enjoining Ma`ruf (that which is judged as good, beneficial, or fitting by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and forbidding Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect). They should remain constant in this and should not feel ashamed of defending the truth and defeating falsehood. They should not let the scorn or criticism of others deter them from defending the truth. It is mandatory upon a Muslim to follow
(Part No. 5Page No. 240)
Allah's Shari`ah willingly, wishing for Allah's Reward and fearing His Punishment even if the closest and dearest people to him disagree with him. It is not permissible to follow the whims and the traditions which Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) did not legislate, as Islam is the religion of the truth, guidance and justice. It calls for high moral standards, the best deeds and forbids what is contrary to that.
May Allah grant us and all Muslims guidance to what pleases Him. We seek refuge in Allah from the evils of ourselves and from our misdeeds for He is the Most Generous. May Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.

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