Wednesday, October 24, 2012

Eid Al-Adha To All You Lovely Muslimahs!

Assalamualaikum wa Rahmatulahi wa Barakatu!!





Eid Al- Adha to you and your beloved ones! May Allah accept our fast these 9 days and forgive us our past and present and future sins! AMEEN !


Just a few tidbits of info to share: 



Fasting the first Nine Days of Dhul-Hijjah is a Sunnah
Hunaydah ibn Khaalid narrated upon the authority of his wife who said, “Some of the wives of the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam) told me that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam) used to fast the Day of ‘Aashoorah, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, and three days out of every month*.” (Imam Ahmad, An-Nasaaee)
*- 13th, 14th, and 15th every month
Commentary: Imam An-Nawwawee (rahimahullaah) said with reference to fasting the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah,
quote:   “It is extremely preferable to do so.”
Fatwah from Shaikh al-’Uthaimeen about fasting first Nine Days of Dhul-Hijjah
A questioner asked Shaikh al-’Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) the following question:
Question: Oh Shaikh, are there any authentic ahadith that mention fasting the first [nine] days of Dhul-Hijjah?
Answer by Shaikh al-’Uthaimeen:
quote:
“Fasting the first [nine] of Dhul-Hijjah is from the righteous actions without doubt.
And the Prophet salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said, “There are not any days in which righteous actions are done that are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” They said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, not even jihad in Allaah’s cause?” He said, “Not even jihad in Allaah’s cause, except for a man who left out with his self and his wealth, and he did not return with either.
So fasting is included in the general context of this hadith. And there appears a hadith stating that the Messenger of Allaah salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam used to fast the first ten of Dhul Hijjah, not counting the ‘Eid [in other words, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah].
And Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah takes this position and it is authentic. Fasting in the first ten [of Dhul-Hijjah, excluding the 'Eid] is sunnah. Yes.”



FASTING THE DAY OF ’ARAFAH:
The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ’Arafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ’Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord.
It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ’Arafah, so he said, “It expiates the sins of the past year and the coming year.” [4]
Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘There is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ’Arafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ’Arafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ‘What are these people seeking.” [5]
Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) – rahimahullaah – said, “The People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ’Arafah, except for those at ’Arafah.” [6]
[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Aboo Qataadah (radiyallaahu ’anhu).
[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ’Aa‘ishah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).
[6] Refer to Jaami’ut-Tirmidhee (3/377).
Source for the above :


EID PRAYERE AND JUMMAH: 



[1] - On the authority of Abu Hurayrah [d. AH 57 or 58] [3], may Allah be pleased with him, 
“The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace upon him, said, ‘Eid prayer and Friday prayer  have fallen on the same day, today. Whoever prays ‘Eid prayer, Friday prayer is not  obligatory on him. As for us, we are going to pray Friday prayer’(Al-Albaanee 179).” [4]
[2] - On the authority of ‘Ataa Abi Rabaah [d. AH 114] [5],
“Ibn Zubayr [d.AH 73] [6] led us in  ‘Eid prayer early one Friday morning. [Later that day] we went out to pray Friday prayer, but  we didn’t see Ibn Zubayr!? Therefore, we prayed by ourselves; and when that happened, Ibn  ‘Abbaas was in Ta’if.
So when we saw Ibn ‘Abbaas [d. AH 68] [7], we asked him (Ibn Abbaas) about Ibn Zubayr not  praying Friday prayer with us. Ibn ‘Abbaas answered by saying, ‘What Ibn Zubayr did (not  praying Friday prayer) was in accordance with Prophetic Tradition (the Sunnah).”
[*] - As-Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan said,
“If ‘Eid prayer falls on the same day as Friday prayer,  whoever prays ‘Eid prayer, it is not obligatory for him to pray Friday prayer. Rather Friday  prayer becomes recommended (sunnah) for him. However, as it relates to the Imam [of the  community], it is obligatory for him to pray both ‘Eid prayer and Friday prayer. He can not  leave off Friday prayer because those who choose to pray Friday prayer need an Imam.  (Fawzaan 2/257).” [8]
Important Note: All biographies were taken from (Aadam, Muhammad). [9]
May Allahthe Most High, reward all of the Muslims who are sacrificing their wealth and  effort to perform al-Hajj, Aameen!
Translated and Compiled by:
Jameel Finch al-Makki
University of Umm al-Quraa
Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Thu al-Hijjah 9, 1430 / November 25, 2009



Footnotes: for eid /friday prayer
1 [TN]: The afternoon prayer (salaatu ath-thur) should be prayed as four units (raka’aat).
2 Baazmool, Muhammad. The Object of Desire for the One Who Wants to Perform Voluntary Prayers.  Riyaadh: Dar al-Hijrah. 1423/2002
3 Abdur-Rahman bin Sakhr [d. AH 57 or 58], the Companion who narrated 5374 Prophetic Traditions  (Hadeeth).
4 Authentic: Al-Albaani, Naasir ad-Deen. Abu Dawood’s Collection of Prophetic Narrations. Riyaadh:  Maktabah al-M’aarif. First Print.
5 ‘Ataa Abi Rabaah al-Makki [d. AH 114] was a follower of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah  (Taabi’i). He was trustworthy and had a very sound understanding of the religion of Islam.
6 ‘Abdullah Ibn Zubayr al-Qurashi [d. AH 73] was a Companion of the Messenger of Allah. He was the  first child born from the Muslims after their resettlement from Makkah to al-Madinah. May Allah  be pleased with him. (*) I had trouble identifying this Companion. May Allah reward brother Moosaa  Richardson for helping me over the phone.
7 Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbaas al-Haashimi [d. AH 68] was the cousin of the Messenger of Allah. He was  known to be extremely knowledgeable about the religion of Islam. He was given the nickname ‘The  Ocean’ due to his vast knowledge. May Allah, the Most High, be pleased with him.
8 Al-Fawzaan, Saalih. Selected Religious Verdicts from Saalih al-Fawzaan. Lebanon: Ar-Resaalah  Publishers. 1425/2004
9 Aadam, Muhammad. A Summarized Version of the Narrators of al-Bukhaari and Muslim. Ad-Dammam:  Dar ibn al-Jawzi. 1430/2009
SLAUGHTERING ON THE DAY OF AN-NAHR AND ’EEDUL-ADHAA OR THE FOLLOWING THREE DAYS:
The tenth day of Dhul-Hiijah is known as the day of an-Nahr (slaughtering), since it marks the ending of the major rites of Hajj (Pilgrimage), and commemorates the bounty and mercy of Allaah - the Most High - in that He gave His beloved Prophet Ibraaheem - ’alayhis-salaam - a ram to sacrifice in place of his firstborn son Ismaa’eel - ’alayhis-salaam. And out of the ten best days of the year, it is the day of an-Nahr which is the most excellent day of the year with Allaah.
Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) - rahimahullaah – said, “The most excellent day of the week is the day of Friday, by the agreement of the Scholars. And the most excellent day of the year is the day of an-Nahr. And some of them said that it is the day of ’Arafah. However, the first opinion is the correct one, since it is related in the Sunan collections that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The most excellent days with Allaah is the day of an-Nahr, then the day of al-Qarr (the day that the Muslims reside in Minaa).” [7]” [8]
The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The greatest day of the Hajj (Pilgrimage) is the Day of an-Nahr (Slaughtering).” [9]
The day of an-Nahr is also known as ’Eedul-Adhaa (the Festivity of Sacrifice) and is one of the two major festivals that Allaah has granted to this Ummah. Anas (radiyallaahu ’anhu) said, ‘The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came to al-Madeenah and the people of al-Madeenah had - since the times of jaahiliyyah(Pre-lslaamic Ignorance) - two days which they marked out for play and amusement. So the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘I came to you, and you had two days of play and amusement in the times ofjaahiliyyah. But Allaah has replaced them with something better for you: The day of al-Adhaa (sacrificing) and the day of al-Fitr (ending the Fast).” [10]
The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) also said, “The day of al-Fitr, and the day of an-Nahr, and the days of at-Tashreeq (the three days after an-Nahr) are our days of ’Eed (festivity); and they are days of eating and drinking.” [11]
’Eedul-Adhaa, is a day in which the Muslims slaughter a camel, cow, sheep or goat, in commemoration of the sacrifice of Ibraaheem - ’alayis-salaam. And this sacrifice is an obligation upon all those who have the means to do so - according to the most correct opinion of the Scholars. [12] The basis of this is the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “One who has the ability to sacrifice, but chooses not to do so, should not approach our place of (’Eed) Prayer.” [13] And his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Whosoever sacrificed before the Prayer, then let him do so again. But whosoever has not sacrificed, then let him sacrifice.” [14] So this order refers to those who have the ability to do so - and Allaah knows best.
As regards those who intends to sacrifice - normally the head of the household - then they are prohibited from cutting their hair or nails, starting from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah up until after the sacrifice. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When the ten days start, and one of you intends to sacrifice, then let him not cut his hair or his nails.” [15]
 GLORIFYING ALLAAH WITH THE TAKBEER:
From the day of ’Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah), up until the ’Asr Prayer on the thirteen day, are days in which the takbeeraat (saying Allaahu Akbar) should be said. Imaam al-Khattaabee (d.456H) - rahimahullaah – said, “The wisdom behind saying the takbeeraat in these days is that in the times of jaahiliyyah (pre-lslaamic ignorance), they used to slaughter for their tawaagheet (false objects of worship). So the takbeeraat were prescribed in order to indicate that the act of slaughtering is directed to Allaah alone, and by mentioning only His - the Mighty and Majestic - Name.” [16]
Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah - rahimahullaah – said, “All praise be to Allaah. The most correct saying concerning the takbeer - that which the majority of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), and the Scholars from the Companions and Imaams were upon - is to begin making the takbeer from Fajr (dawn) on the day of ’Arafah, up until the last day of at-Tashreeq (the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah), after every Prayer.” [17]
Ibn Abee Shaybah relates, “That ’Alee (radiyallaahu ’anhu) used to make the takbeer beginning after the FajrPrayer on the day of ’Arafah, up until after the ’Asr Prayer on the last day of at-Tashreeq.” [18]
As regards the actual wording of the takbeeraat, then nothing authentic has been related from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). However, certain wordings have been authentically related from a group of Companions. From them:
Ibn Mas’ood (radiyallaahu ’anhu) would say, “Allaah is great, Allaah is great. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. And Allaah is great, Allaah is great. And to Him belongs all praise. [Allaahu akbar,Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Laa ilaahaa illallaah, wallaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar wa lillaahil-hamd.]” [19]
Ibn ’Abbaas (radiyallaahu ’anhu) said, “Allaah is great, Allaah is great, Allaah is great, and to Allaah belongs all praise. Allaah is greater and Sublime. Allaah is greater to what He has guided us to. [Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, wa lillaahil-hamd. Allaahu akbar wa ajalla. Allaahu akbar ’alaa maa hadaanaa.]” [20]
Unfortunately, many Muslims have neglected the takbeer established from our Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and have instead resorted to additions which have no basis at all.
Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (d.856H) - rahimahullaah – said, “Indeed, additions have been invented upon this day, which have no basis at all.” [21] 
And may Allaah have mercy upon the one who said,
Every good is in following the Salaf; And every evil is in the innovations of the late-comers.
And all praise is for Allaah, Lord of the worlds. And may Allaah extol and send the choicest blessings of peace upon our Leader, Muhammad, and upon his Family, his Companions, and all those who follow them. 
Footnotes:
[1] Saheeh: Related by al-Bazzaar (1/234). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 1133).
[2] Refer to Zaadul-Ma’aad (1/56).
[3] Saheeh: Related by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (3/110/1) It was authenticated by al-Mundharee in at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb(2/24).
[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Aboo Qataadah (radiyallaahu ’anhu).
[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ’Aa‘ishah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).
[6] Refer to Jaami’ut-Tirmidhee (3/377).
[7] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1765), from ’Abdullaah Ibn Qart (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Irwaa‘ul-Ghaleel (no. 2018).
[8] Refer to Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (25/288).
[9] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 1945), from Ibn ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee inal-lrwaa‘ (no. 1101).
[10] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (3/103).it was authenticated by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr in Bulooghul-Maraam (no. 398).
[11] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (no. 1945), from ’Uqbah Ibn ’Aamir (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 8192).
[12] As explained by Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (23/162-164).
[13] Hasan: Related by Ibn Maajah (no. 3123), from Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Takhreej Mushkilatul-Fiqr (no. 398).
[14] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 5562) and Muslim (no. 1960), from Jundub Ibn ’Abdullaah al-Bajalee (radiyallaahu ’anhu).
[15] Related by Muslim (no. 1977), from Umm Salamah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).
[16] Quoted from Fathul-Baaree (21/586).
[17] Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (24/220). However, what seems more correct is not to restrict the takbeeraat to being just after every Prayer, as al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out in Fathul-Baaree (21/587).
[18] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah in al-Musannaf (2/1/2). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in al-lrwaa‘ (31/125).
[19] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah with an authentic chain of narration
[20] Related by al-Bayhaqee (3/315) with an authentic chain of narration.

[21] Fathul-Baaree (2/536).

1 comment:

  1. As-salaamu'alaykum
    Hope you had a wonderful Eid!
    ... lovely blog! :)

    ReplyDelete

Assalamualaikum, please be mindful about what you are about to write. Think about it before writing and make sure it is something positive and beneficial, otherwise it will be deleted and ignored. JazakiAllah kheyr ! Sisters ONLY! xo